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Shooting Sports

It’s Time to dust off the Shotgun

By August 29, 2023One Comment
shotgun cleaning and care

Shotgun Care

As the waterfowl season approaches, it’s time for avid hunters to dust off their shotguns and ensure they are in peak condition for the upcoming adventure. Properly cleaning and preparing your shotgun ensures optimal performance and enhances safety during the hunting trip. In this blog, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of cleaning and maintaining your shotgun to get it ready for a successful waterfowl season.

Step 1: Gather the Necessary Supplies

Before you begin cleaning your shotgun, make sure you have all the required supplies on hand. The essentials include:

Cleaning kit: A shotgun-specific cleaning kit containing a cleaning rod, bore brushes, patches, and cleaning solvent.
Lubricant: A penetrating lubricant for smooth action and rust prevention.
Cleaning patches or cloths: Soft and absorbent material for wiping and applying cleaning solutions.
Nylon brush: To scrub away stubborn fouling and debris.
Safety glasses and gloves: To protect your eyes and hands during cleaning.

Step 2: Safety First

Always remember to prioritize safety when handling firearms. Ensure your shotgun is unloaded before proceeding with the cleaning process. Remove all ammunition from the gun and double-check the chamber, magazine, and feeding areas to ensure no shells are present.

Step 3: Disassemble the Shotgun

Next, refer to your shotgun’s manual or online resources to disassemble it properly. Different shotgun models have varying disassembly procedures, so following the manufacturer’s instructions closely is crucial. Disassembling your shotgun allows you to access all the components that require cleaning and lubrication.

Step 4: Clean the Barrel

The shotgun barrel is the most critical part to clean, as it directly affects the accuracy and performance of your shots. Start by attaching the bore brush to the cleaning rod, then apply a few drops of cleaning solvent to the brush. Several times, push the brush through the barrel from the chamber end to the muzzle. Next, attach a cleaning patch to the rod and repeat the process until the patch comes out clean. This indicates that the barrel is free of residue and fouling.

Step 5: Clean the Action and Receiver

Use a nylon brush or a dedicated toothbrush to clean the action and receiver, paying close attention to hard-to-reach areas. Wipe away excess dirt and grime with cleaning patches or cloths soaked in cleaning solvent. Once thoroughly cleaned, apply a few drops of lubricant to the moving parts to ensure smooth action during your waterfowl hunting trip.

Step 6: Inspect the Choke and Choke Tube

If your shotgun is equipped with a removable choke tube, remove it and clean both the choke tube and the threaded area in the barrel. Inspect the choke for any damage or wear and replace it if necessary. A damaged choke can negatively impact your shooting patterns.

Step 7: Check for Rust and Corrosion

Inspect the shotgun’s metal components, particularly areas prone to rust, such as the barrel, receiver, and trigger assembly. If you find any signs of rust or corrosion, gently remove it using a rust remover and a soft cloth. Regular maintenance and proper storage can prevent rust from forming in the future.

Step 8: Reassemble and Function Check

Once you’ve cleaned and lubricated all the necessary parts, reassemble your shotgun following the manufacturer’s instructions. After reassembly, perform a function check by dry-firing the gun to ensure everything works correctly.


Cleaning and preparing your shotgun for waterfowl season is essential to ensure a safe and successful hunting experience. Regular maintenance extends the life of your shotgun and optimizes its performance, increasing your chances of a successful hunt. By following these steps and staying committed to proper firearm care, you can look forward to an enjoyable and productive waterfowl season ahead. Happy hunting!

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